The basic question is whether or not Muslims can modernize their societies without disregarding their own belief. The implicit answer is that this is indeed possible once the human dimension of the Qurân is regarded. So far, Muslims have only been able to rethink Tradition while the question of the Qurân is untouched. Those who dared to open the question were condemned as heretics, and some of them were executed. Nasr Abû Zayd, Ibn Rushd Professor at the University for Humanistics (Netherlands), delves into the academic adventure of reopening the debate that has been blocked for so long.